Urban Reserves & Treaty Land Entitlement
Over the past 20 years, the City of Saskatoon and a number of First Nations have partnered to create urban reserves within the boundaries of Saskatoon. The City of Saskatoon recognizes that urban reserves are tremendous economic, social, and cultural development opportunities that benefit the entire community including First Nations and non-First Nations people.
First Nations are purchasing land in the Saskatoon region to create new reserves or add to existing reserves through two processes: the Federal Government’s additions to Reserves Policy for specific claims (begun in the 1970s) and the Canada-Saskatchewan Treaty Land Entitlement (TLE) Framework Agreement for TLE claims (signed in 1992).
The City of Saskatoon’s Strategic Plan has set the tone for how the City has approached urban reserves. In 1993, a key part of the City’s Strategic Plan was to build and strengthen relationships and explore partnership opportunities with the Aboriginal community. The current Strategic Plan and Corporate Business Plan continue to support this and also state that the City of Saskatoon will “nurture the economic, environmental, social, and cultural well-being of the community, now and in the future.”
Before an urban reserve is created, the City and the First Nation sign municipal services, land use compatibility, and protocol agreements. The City of Saskatoon’s agreements with First Nations provide for all municipal services (police, fire, snow removal, water/sewer) in exchange for a fee-for-service. The fee-for-service is calculated in the same way as property taxes and is equal to the amount that would be billed for municipal and library taxes. First Nations also enter into separate agreements with the school boards for the education portion of the standard property tax levy. First Nations ensure, through their bylaws and leases, that urban reserves have the same compatible land use, zoning standards, building standards, and business regulations as those on surrounding properties.
TLE Communication Strategy
It has been identified that there is a need for the City of Saskatoon to better assist First Nations with the land development process, and to better communicate that the City of Saskatoon can offer a wealth of services and information about city planning and land development.
Over the next two years, the Planning and Development Branch will:
- create a Communication Strategy;
- continue to improve and create partnerships with existing organizations; and
- strengthen and create new educational opportunities, in partnership with educational institutions.
First Nation Community Profiles
The City of Saskatoon Planning and Development Division’s first publication of First Nation Community Profiles, is now available. Since 2010, the City of Saskatoon has partnered with Saskatoon Regional Economic Development Authority (SREDA) on a variety of initiatives to engage First Nations and the broader business community to promote economic opportunities and partnerships. The First Nation Community Profiles are the most recent initiative under this partnership.
The First Nation Community Profiles include information regarding:
- Community highlights and opportunities;
- Historical information and location of home reserve;
- Demographics, employment data (where available), and land holdings;
- Current and proposed business developments;
- Education and services; and,
- Current governance and contact information.
Profiles were created for the following 12 First Nations who have land holdings and reserves within the City of Saskatoon and region.
First Nations Community Profiles
Cowessess First Nation
English River First Nation
Kahkewistahaw First Nation
Little Pine First Nation
Mistawasis First Nation
Moosomin First Nation
Muskeg Lake Cree Nation
Muskoday First Nation
One Arrow First Nation
Red Pheasant Cree Nation
Saulteaux First Nation
Whitecap Dakota First Nation
Yellow Quill First Nation
Building Bridges for Success
Presented by the Saskatoon Regional Economic Development Authority (SREDA) and the City of Saskatoon, the Building Bridges for Success II: Aboriginal Land Development Session was previously held on November 17, 2011 in Saskatoon, SK